Glossary of acronyms and terminology for Vinyl Collectors

An explanation of the abbreviations, acronyms and terminology used in the domain of collecting vinyl records.

7" ( Inch )

means a 7-inch diameter, the smallest diameter used for vinyl records, mainly used for singles, although 7" EP's do exist. Mostly recorded at 45rpm, but some older UK records have been recorded at 33 1/3 RPM

10" ( Inch )

10-inch the medium diameter of records, mainly used for EP's ( Extended Play ) records with 3-4 tracks.


Black Jacket ( Sleeve )


"Backed With" or "B-side With" and refers to the b-side of a single. See for example: JOHN LENNON - Jealous Guy B/W Going Down On Love


Cut Corner - One of the corners of the album cover has been cut off. Usually to mark a discounted record.


La Chante Du Monde, is the oldest French music publishing house in existence. It was created in 1938 by Léon Moussinac. "Le Chant du Monde" is particularly known worldwide for having gathered the first collection of traditional music and ethnographic recordings. It commissioned composers to transcribe French oral traditions and music alike. ( Source: wikipedia )


Cut Hole - The album cover has a hole cut into it. Usually used to mark a discounted record.


"Club National du Disque" was a French record label, and has been active during the 1950s and 1960s.


Cut Out, deleted item that has been saw cut, clipped or drilled by the record company to prevent it being sold as full price product.


"Les Discophiles Francais" a French record label founded by Henri Screpel and had their first period of activity from 1940 until 1958. It was bought by Ducretet Thomson and the catalog was sold to Pathé Marconi EMI in the late '70s.


An Album Cover / sleeve with a custom cut area or hole, usually intended to reveal a picture disc, coloured vinyl disc or the label, without having to remove it from the sleeve.

DeLuxe Cover

Double LP, an album with two Long Play records, can also be abbreviated as 2LP


Direct Metal Mastering during the vinyl records production process the master disc is cut on a copper-coated disc. which produces a high quality audio (audiophile) record, it seems that DMM also improved the lifetime of the vinyl discs


An EP / Extended Play ) is a record which has two or three tracks on each side, can be 7", 10" or 12" in diameter


For Auction, item is for sale on an auction<


Fold Out Cover, see: Gatefold cover


Freakbeat is the name for rare, collectable, and obscure British Invasion records. Usually, these are rare British blues and garage rock, bands that sounded a bit like the Rolling Stones, Yardbirds, or the Bluesbreakers, but occasionally some of the tougher Merseybeat bands fit this category, too. The criteria for freakbeat is a little vague, and known basically to collectors who specialize in the style, but it generally is fairly obscure British Invasion of all


For Sale or Factory Sealed ( see also Stil Sealed )


G - a ranking of a vinyl record or album cover usually based on Goldmine Grading for Viny Records. ( Background: the Goldmin grading for Vinyl was based on the grading of books. Book collection can be very old eg several centuries and good meant that these books were still in a acceptable condition. For vinyl records however good should only be used to complete your collection with a missing record, do not expect this grading to give a great sound. )

Gatefold , GF or FOC

Gatefold Cover, A sleeve folded down the centre to create a double pocket, some may have the opening on the inside (eg Pink Floyd's Meddle) more commonly the opening is on the outside. Can also be referred to as FOC ( Fold Open Cover ).

Glam Rock

Glam rock ( Not to be confused with Glam Metal ) is a style of rock music popularised in the 1970s, and was mostly a British phenomenon and confined to larger cities in the U.S. such as New York and Los Angeles. It was distinguished by the costumes and stage acts of the performers rather than any particular aspect of their music. The emphasis was on superficiality and an unabashed embracing of decadence, fame and sexuality, a statement of sorts against such acts as Pink Floyd, King Crimson.

Glitter Rock

Glitter rock, a short-lived genre in the mid-1970s, was an extreme exploration of the fantasy-side of the reality-fantasy parents of heavy metal. Was staylized by the flashy appearance of the performers. The music merged theatrics and rock music of the early to late 1970's. There was as well a influence of the idea of alien life and an ever changing image in performance, music and artist in general.

HQ 180

High Quality Vinyl LPs which weights 180 grams. The High Quality 180 gram premium format offers a significant improvement in the sound of recordings. The HQ-180 is 50% heavier with 50% more mass, providing a more substantial platform for the phono pick-up system. The result is a more stable, focused image with tighter, deeper bass, crisp transient attack and improved channel separation. The HQ-180 is not only thicker and heavier, the new technology used to press the HQ-180 yields an even quieter surface, providing reduced noise and distortion components


Highly Rated, Recommended

Italo Disco

Italo disco was a style of electronic dance music during the 80s. Though many of the artists came from Italy as the name implies, the term is sometimes used for groups in other European countries in conjunction with euro disco. Italo disco had a more synth pop/electro feel to it than American disco, which had funk and soul roots

LC / Labelcode

Labelcode is a unique 4-digit or 5-digit music label identification code that is assigned by Gesellschaft zur Verwertung von Leistungsschutzrechten ( GVL ), Germany. Since January 2017, Labelcode is no longer mandatory. Labelcode is still used in some occasions, for example, CD publishing. ( Source: Wikipedia )


"Le Club Francais du Disque" was a French Record label active from 1953 until 1968.


"L’oiseau Lyre" French music publishing house founded in 1932 by Louise Hanson-Dyer which also became a recording label for ancient and baroque music in 1948.


Long Play this is record with more then 4-5 tracks per side and usually a duration of 20-25 minutes per side.


La Voce del Padrone is the Italian version of "His Master's Voice"


"La Voz de Su Amo" is the Spanish version of "His Master's Voice"


"La voix de son Maitre" is the French version of "His Master's Voice"

Matrix Number

The number or numbers in the run-off groove of a record or around the centre ring on the playing side of a compact disc. Identifies a particular pressing from other pressings of the same item. For example, the only way to tell which mix of Frankie Goes to Hollywood's 'Relax' 12" you may have (there are three different ones with identical labels) is purely by the matrix in the run off groove. See also: stamper code


Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab has been the undisputed pioneer and leader in audiophile recordings since the company's inception in 1977. Established by dedicated audiophiles, Mobile Fidelity's first and foremost goal was to offer faithfully reproduced high fidelity recordings that would compliment the numerous advances occurring in audio delivery systems. Throughout its history, Mobile Fidelity has remained true to this goal, pioneering state-of-the-art technologies and setting audiophile standards that remain in place today.


Mono, a mono record has only channel of sound vs stereo which has two channels


Neutral Cover, neutral sleeve, opposite of picture sleeve.


Near Mint - a ranking of a vinyl record or album cover usually based on Goldmine Grading for Viny Records.


Non Original Cover


No Picture-sleeve


An OBI is a paper strip which is usually wrapped around the left corner of the LPs or the CDs. The purpose of the OBI is mainly for the translation of the title into Japanese and to give additional information on the product. See our OBILand? Section for more information about OBIs. Obi-strips are very rare on Japanese items dating from before the late 1960s.


Original Inner Sleeve aka Custom Inner Sleeve. The inner sleeve of an album has been customized to include artwork, photos or lyrics,


Out Of Print, this recording (LP, CD) is no longer produced


Punch Hole or Promo Hole, a hole which has been punch into one of the corners of an album cover to mark a discounted record. ( Similar to Cut-Out )


Picture Sleeve

S or SS

Sealed or Still Sealed an album which still in it's UNOPENED packaging.


A single is is a record which has one track on each side of the record


Sticker on Back Cover


Sticker On Cover

S / ST

Stereo - two channel sound


A stamper is used to "press" the vinyl. Pressing vinyl records over and over again is hard on metal stampers. Causing them to wear out, split, become scratched, etc. For a regular weight LP, one can press approximately 1000 records per set of stampers before we start to lose sound quality. For HQ-180 records, the general rule of thumb is one set of stamper per 500 records, due to the longer cycle time and added pressure needed to make the thicker record. Therefore, if you have larger orders, more stampers are needed to complete that order with the highest quality surface integrity. For instance, no one wants an LP from a stamper where the grooves have been damaged due to overuse.


Tape On Cover, or Tear of Cover


Test Pressing

Uncut Picture Disc

An item which when commercially released was a shaped disc, but for test pressing purposes has been left circular with either a clear or coloured surround around the actual picture. Only ever a handful in circulation.


Various Artists


Very Good, see Vinyl Grading Guide


White Label Promo. Appears only on vinyl where the label is white and for promotional use only

White Label

A promotional pressing with a completely blank label denoting it is promo only. May also have unique black on white printed labels with just artist & title information or "A" & "B" symbols. Some white labels have different catalogue numbers to domestic releases


Writing On Back-Cover


Writing On Cover, or Without Cover


Writing On Label


Water Stain On Cove


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